Martha writes, As an art teacher at a Christian school, I have used this lesson every
year for the 3rd grade classes. It may be modified and simplified
for other grades and for Sunday School.
Instructional Objectives: The
student will learn about the Christian celebration of Epiphany.
The students will learn how to us a compass to draw a circle, how to
make a six pointed “star”
or “flower” using a
compass, and discover what happens to crayon on paper when you oil it.
Materials and Equipment: Sharp pencil, compass, practice paper,
8-9 inch square of 50 LB paper, crayons, scissors, oil (mineral or
baby works well), piece of cotton ball for oiling, paper towels.
Biblical Application: To allow the students the opportunity to
express their God given talents.
Preparation: Have the book "The Legend of Old Befana" by Tomie De
Paola available. Have a sample Epiphany Star prepared, cut paper, sharpen pencils.
Show the book to the class and talk to them about legends. What are they?
story that is not true but may be based on a true event.) Read
the book to the class. After you read the book, talk about the
Christian festival of Epiphany. Tell the class how in some
countries especially in Europe, children do not get Christmas presents
until Epiphany. This is also a good time to talk about the
truths about the visit of the Magi, explaining how it was not at the
manger, and Jesus was probably between the ages of 2-5. Go back
to the book and show the stars. Tell the students that they are
going to make stars like those in the book.
Art Production: Explain the compass and how it works.
Have the students make a 6 inch circle on their practice paper.
(See illustration below) Go around the room and make sure all the
students can make a reasonable circle. Move to the good piece of
paper. Placing the center of the compass in the middle of the
paper, have the students make a circle that fills most of the page
(usually 5-7 inch diameter works well). Make sure that the
students know what setting they used to make the circle, as they will
have to make more the same size. Now set the center point of
the compass on the edge of the circle and make an arc that touches the
sides of the circle. Move the center point of the compass to one
side of where the arc touches the circle and make another arc.
Continue this procedure around the circle until the “flower”
is finished. Many students have trouble with where to place the
compass for the last arc. Once the “star”
is drawn, have the students color it with crayon, coloring very
darkly. If they wish to have it look more like stained glass,
they may go over the lines with black when they are finished coloring.
If they are to put their names on the stars, it must be in pencil on
the back. To make them “transparent”
have the student turn the star over and rub the back with oil until
completely covered. Place in-between two pieces of paper towel
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Copyright 2003 Martha Donley
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